Profiles

Significant historical figures of music, chess and mind sports
Poleon, Rameau (1929)

Poleon, Rameau (1929)

Sesenne (1914-2010)

Sesenne (1914-2010)

Palacio, Andy (1960-2008)

Palacio, Andy (1960-2008)

de Saint Georges, Chevalier (1745-1799)

de Saint Georges, Chevalier (1745-1799)

Calister, Izaline (1969)

Calister, Izaline (1969)

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (1897-1957)

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (1897-1957)

Steiner, Max (1888-1971)

Steiner, Max (1888-1971)

Khachaturian, Aram (1903-1973)

Khachaturian, Aram (1903-1973)

Gardel, Carlos (1887 or 1890-1935)

Gardel, Carlos (1887 or 1890-1935)

Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza (1969)

Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza (1969)

Figarova, Amina (1964)

Figarova, Amina (1964)

Ali-Zadeh, Franghiz (1947)

Ali-Zadeh, Franghiz (1947)

Garayev, Gara (1918-1982)

Garayev, Gara (1918-1982)

Webern, Anton (1883-1945)

Webern, Anton (1883-1945)

Berg, Alban (1885-1935)

Berg, Alban (1885-1935)

Strauss III, Johann (1866-1939)

Strauss III, Johann (1866-1939)

Strauss II, Johann (1825-1899)

Strauss II, Johann (1825-1899)

Strauss I, Johann (1804-1849)

Strauss I, Johann (1804-1849)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz (1644-1704)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz (1644-1704)

Bruckner, Anton (1824-1896)

Bruckner, Anton (1824-1896)

Mahler, Gustav (1860-1911)

Mahler, Gustav (1860-1911)

Lampe, Padu (1920)

Lampe, Padu (1920)

Hamasyan, Tigran (1987)

Hamasyan, Tigran (1987)

Ginastera, Alberto (1916-1983)

Ginastera, Alberto (1916-1983)

Piazzola, Astor (1921-1992)

Piazzola, Astor (1921-1992)

Prince, Roland (1947-2016)

Prince, Roland (1947-2016)

Banx, Bankie (1953)

Banx, Bankie (1953)

Mingas, Ruy (1939)

Mingas, Ruy (1939)

Marfany Bons, Enric (1871-1972)

Marfany Bons, Enric (1871-1972)

Tuiteleleapaga, Napoleon Andrew (1904-1988)

Tuiteleleapaga, Napoleon Andrew (1904-1988)

Dada, Salim (1975)

Dada, Salim (1975)

Antoni, Lorenc (1909-1991)

Antoni, Lorenc (1909-1991)

Zahir, Ahmad (1946-1979) 

Zahir, Ahmad (1946-1979) 

Sarban, Abdul Rahim (1930-1993)

Sarban, Abdul Rahim (1930-1993)

Awalmir, Ustad (1931-1982)

Awalmir, Ustad (1931-1982)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Leela (2007)

Leela (2007)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Ioseliani, Nana (1962)

Ioseliani, Nana (1962)

Akhmilovskaya, Elena (1957-2012)

Akhmilovskaya, Elena (1957-2012)

Alexandria, Nana (1949)

Alexandria, Nana (1949)

Kushnir, Alla (1941-2013)

Kushnir, Alla (1941-2013)

Zvorykina, Kira (1919-2014)

Zvorykina, Kira (1919-2014)

al-Nadim, Ibn (935–995)

al-Nadim, Ibn (935–995)

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142)

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142)

Ponziani, Domenico Lorenzo (1719 – 1796)

Ponziani, Domenico Lorenzo (1719 – 1796)

del Rio, Ercole (c. 1718 – c. 1802)

del Rio, Ercole (c. 1718 – c. 1802)

Carrera, Pietro (1573-1647)

Carrera, Pietro (1573-1647)

Lewis, William (1787–1870)

Lewis, William (1787–1870)

Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)

Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)

Lagno, Kateryna (1989)

Lagno, Kateryna (1989)

Al-Lajlaj (900-970)

Al-Lajlaj (900-970)

Ar-Razi

Ar-Razi

Al-Adli (800-870)

Al-Adli (800-870)

Abun-Naam

Abun-Naam

Rabrab

Rabrab

Khandelwal, Ankush (1991)

Khandelwal, Ankush (1991)

Pearce, David

Pearce, David

Zographos, Achilleas (1967)

Zographos, Achilleas (1967)

Jabir al-Kufi (ca. 786-833)

Jabir al-Kufi (ca. 786-833)

Gascón del Nogal, Jose Rafael (1995)

Gascón del Nogal, Jose Rafael (1995)

Ju, Wenjun (1991)

Ju, Wenjun (1991)

Valverde Sancho, Jaime (1994)

Valverde Sancho, Jaime (1994)

Trevisan Herraz, Marco (1978)

Trevisan Herraz, Marco (1978)

de Toffoli, Dario (1953)

de Toffoli, Dario (1953)

Kuusk, Andres (1981)

Kuusk, Andres (1981)

Alexander Beliavsky (1953)

Alexander Beliavsky (1953)

Vladimir Akopian (1971)

Vladimir Akopian (1971)

Janowski, David (1868-1927)

Janowski, David (1868-1927)

Alexander McDonnell (1798-1835)

Alexander McDonnell (1798-1835)

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (1800-1872)

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (1800-1872)

Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)

Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)

Frank Marshall (1877-1944)

Frank Marshall (1877-1944)

Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997)

Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997)

Efim Bogoljubov (1889-1952)

Efim Bogoljubov (1889-1952)

Jan Timman (1951)

Jan Timman (1951)

Philipp Stamma (c.1705 – c.1755)

Philipp Stamma (c.1705 – c.1755)

Ajeeb (automaton) (1868-1926)

Ajeeb (automaton) (1868-1926)

Mephisto (automaton) (1878-1889)

Mephisto (automaton) (1878-1889)

Reshevsky, Samuel (1911-1992)

Reshevsky, Samuel (1911-1992)

Schlechter, Carl (1874-1918)

Schlechter, Carl (1874-1918)

Kamsky, Gata (1974)

Kamsky, Gata (1974)

Gunsberg, Isidor (1854-1930)

Gunsberg, Isidor (1854-1930)

Geller, Efim (1925-1998)

Geller, Efim (1925-1998)

Short, Nigel (1965)

Short, Nigel (1965)

Larsen, Bent (1935-2010)

Larsen, Bent (1935-2010)

Leko, Peter (1979)

Leko, Peter (1979)

Svidler, Peter (1976)

Svidler, Peter (1976)

Stein, Leonid (1934-1973)

Stein, Leonid (1934-1973)

Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)

Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)

Sedol, Lee (1983)

Sedol, Lee (1983)

Adams, Michael (1971)

Adams, Michael (1971)

Shirov, Alexei (1969)

Shirov, Alexei (1969)

Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906)

Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906)

Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)

Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)

Keres, Paul (1916-1975)

Keres, Paul (1916-1975)

Gelfand, Boris (1968)

Gelfand, Boris (1968)

Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969)

Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969)

Hip-Hop Chess Federation (2006)

Hip-Hop Chess Federation (2006)

Legall de Kermeur, François Antoine de (1702–1792)

Legall de Kermeur, François Antoine de (1702–1792)

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949)

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949)

Morricone, Ennio (1928)

Morricone, Ennio (1928)

Bernstein, Leonard (1918-1990)

Bernstein, Leonard (1918-1990)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (1906-1975)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (1906-1975)

Gligorić, Svetozar (1923-2012)

Gligorić, Svetozar (1923-2012)

Zukertort, Johannes (1842-1888)

Zukertort, Johannes (1842-1888)

Tarrasch, Siegbert (1862-1934)

Tarrasch, Siegbert (1862-1934)

Rudenko, Lyudmila (1904-1986)

Rudenko, Lyudmila (1904-1986)

Rubtsova, Olga (1909-1994)

Rubtsova, Olga (1909-1994)

Bykova, Elisaveta (1913-1989)

Bykova, Elisaveta (1913-1989)

Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941)

Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941)

Chiburdanidze, Maia (1961)

Chiburdanidze, Maia (1961)

Polgar, Susan (1969)

Polgar, Susan (1969)

Stefanova, Antoaneta (1979)

Stefanova, Antoaneta (1979)

Xie, Jun (1970)

Xie, Jun (1970)

Chen, Zhu (1976)

Chen, Zhu (1976)

Xu, Yuhua (1976)

Xu, Yuhua (1976)

Ziryab (789–857)

Ziryab (789–857)

Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984)

Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984)

Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911-2012)

Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911-2012)

Taimanov, Mark (1926-2016)

Taimanov, Mark (1926-2016)

García de la Banda, Francisco (1955)

García de la Banda, Francisco (1955)

Hassabis, Demis (1976)

Hassabis, Demis (1976)

Cerone, Pietro (1566-1625)

Cerone, Pietro (1566-1625)

UPIC (1977)

UPIC (1977)

Prokofiev, Sergei (1891-1953)

Prokofiev, Sergei (1891-1953)

Schoenberg, Arnold (1874-1951)

Schoenberg, Arnold (1874-1951)

Xenakis, Iannis (1922-2001)

Xenakis, Iannis (1922-2001)

Komodo (2013)

Komodo (2013)

Stockfish (2004)

Stockfish (2004)

Houdini (2010)

Houdini (2010)

Kaissa (Computer)

Kaissa (Computer)

Al-Suli (880-946)

Al-Suli (880-946)

Bāṇabhaṭṭa (S. VII)

Bāṇabhaṭṭa (S. VII)

Boi, Paolo (1528-1598)

Boi, Paolo (1528-1598)

Fritz/Deep Fritz (1990’s)

Fritz/Deep Fritz (1990’s)

AlphaZero (2017)

AlphaZero (2017)

Deep Blue (1985)

Deep Blue (1985)

El Ajedrecista (1912)

El Ajedrecista (1912)

The Turk (1770-1854)

The Turk (1770-1854)

Di Bona, Giovanni Leonardo (1542–1597)

Di Bona, Giovanni Leonardo (1542–1597)

Greco, Gioachino (1600 – 1634)

Greco, Gioachino (1600 – 1634)

Salvio, Alessandro (c. 1570 – c. 1640)

Salvio, Alessandro (c. 1570 – c. 1640)

Habu, Yoshiharu (1970)

Habu, Yoshiharu (1970)

Morozevich, Alexander (1977)

Morozevich, Alexander (1977)

Aronian, Levon (1982)

Aronian, Levon (1982)

Ding, Liren (1992)

Ding, Liren (1992)

So, Wesley (1993)

So, Wesley (1993)

Karjakin, Sergey (1990)

Karjakin, Sergey (1990)

Grischuk, Alexander (1983)

Grischuk, Alexander (1983)

Ushenina, Anna (1985)

Ushenina, Anna (1985)

Muzychuk, Mariya (1992)

Muzychuk, Mariya (1992)

Alfonso X of Castile (1221-1284)

Alfonso X of Castile (1221-1284)

López de Segura, Ruy (1530-1580)

López de Segura, Ruy (1530-1580)

Deschapelles, Alexandre (1780-1847)

Deschapelles, Alexandre (1780-1847)

Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968)

Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968)

Zhongyi, Tan (1991)

Zhongyi, Tan (1991)

Portisch, Lajos (1937)

Portisch, Lajos (1937)

Rubinstein, Akiba (1880-1961)

Rubinstein, Akiba (1880-1961)

Bronstein, David (1924-2006)

Bronstein, David (1924-2006)

Korchnoi, Viktor (1931-2016)

Korchnoi, Viktor (1931-2016)

La Bourdonnais, Louis-Charles Mahé de (1795-1840)

La Bourdonnais, Louis-Charles Mahé de (1795-1840)

Euwe, Max (1901-1981)

Euwe, Max (1901-1981)

Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar (1985)

Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar (1985)

Caruana, Fabiano (1992)

Caruana, Fabiano (1992)

Anderssen, Adolf (1818-1879)

Anderssen, Adolf (1818-1879)

Staunton, Howard (1810-1874)

Staunton, Howard (1810-1874)

Morphy, Paul (1837-1884)

Morphy, Paul (1837-1884)

Danican Philidor, François-André (1726-1795)

Danican Philidor, François-André (1726-1795)

Steinitz, Wilhelm (1836-1900)

Steinitz, Wilhelm (1836-1900)

Lasker, Emanuel (1868-1941)

Lasker, Emanuel (1868-1941)

Capablanca, José Raúl (1888-1942)

Capablanca, José Raúl (1888-1942)

Alekhine, Alexander (1892-1946)

Alekhine, Alexander (1892-1946)

Saint Hildegard of Bingen (1098 – 1179)

Saint Hildegard of Bingen (1098 – 1179)

Sappho (ca. 650/610 – 580 BC)

Sappho (ca. 650/610 – 580 BC)

Polgár, Judit (1976)

Polgár, Judit (1976)

Hou, Yifan (1994)

Hou, Yifan (1994)

Menchik, Vera (1906 – 1944)

Menchik, Vera (1906 – 1944)

Smyslov, Vasily (1921-2010)

Smyslov, Vasily (1921-2010)

Botvinnik, Mikhail (1911-1995)

Botvinnik, Mikhail (1911-1995)

Tal, Mikhail (1936 – 1992)

Tal, Mikhail (1936 – 1992)

Petrosian, Tigran (1929-1984)

Petrosian, Tigran (1929-1984)

Spassky, Boris (1937)

Spassky, Boris (1937)

Fischer, Bobby (1943-2008)

Fischer, Bobby (1943-2008)

Karpov, Anatoly (1951)

Karpov, Anatoly (1951)

Kasparov, Garry (1963)

Kasparov, Garry (1963)

Ponomariov, Ruslan (1983)

Ponomariov, Ruslan (1983)

Khalifman, Alexander (1966)

Khalifman, Alexander (1966)

Kasimdzhanov, Rustam (1979)

Kasimdzhanov, Rustam (1979)

Topalov, Veselin (1975)

Topalov, Veselin (1975)

Kramnik, Vladimir (1975)

Kramnik, Vladimir (1975)

Ravel, Maurice (1875-1937)

Ravel, Maurice (1875-1937)

Debussy, Claude (1862-1918)

Debussy, Claude (1862-1918)

Zimmer, Hans (1957)

Zimmer, Hans (1957)

Williams, John (1932)

Williams, John (1932)

Princess Enheduanna (XXIII century BC)

Princess Enheduanna (XXIII century BC)

Rachmaninoff, Sergei (1873-1943)

Rachmaninoff, Sergei (1873-1943)

Caïssa

Caïssa

Euterpe

Euterpe

Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1643)

Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1643)

Bartók, Béla (1881-1945)

Bartók, Béla (1881-1945)

Händel, Georg Friedrich (1685-1759)

Händel, Georg Friedrich (1685-1759)

Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilyich (1840-1893)

Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilyich (1840-1893)

Cage, John (1912-1992)

Cage, John (1912-1992)

Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741)

Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741)

Schumann, Robert (1810-1856)

Schumann, Robert (1810-1856)

Rodrigo, Joaquín (1901-1999)

Rodrigo, Joaquín (1901-1999)

Granados, Enrique (1867-1916)

Granados, Enrique (1867-1916)

Albéniz, Isaac (1860-1910)

Albéniz, Isaac (1860-1910)

Falla, Manuel de (1876-1946)

Falla, Manuel de (1876-1946)

Turina, Joaquín (1882-1946)

Turina, Joaquín (1882-1946)

Sibelius, Jean (1865-1957)

Sibelius, Jean (1865-1957)

Wagner, Richard (1813-1883)

Wagner, Richard (1813-1883)

Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897)

Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897)

Liszt, Franz (1811-1886)

Liszt, Franz (1811-1886)

Sculthorpe, Peter (1929-2014)

Sculthorpe, Peter (1929-2014)

Dvořák, Antonín (1841-1904)

Dvořák, Antonín (1841-1904)

Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809)

Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809)

Chopin, Frédéric (1810-1849)

Chopin, Frédéric (1810-1849)

Schubert, Franz (1797-1828)

Schubert, Franz (1797-1828)

Stravinsky, Igor (1882- 1971)

Stravinsky, Igor (1882- 1971)

Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750)

Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750)

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)

Arezzo, Guido of (991-1033)

Arezzo, Guido of (991-1033)

Anand, Viswanathan (1969)

Anand, Viswanathan (1969)

Carlsen, Magnus (1990)

Carlsen, Magnus (1990)

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)

Countries

Poleon, Rameau (1929)

Poleon, Rameau (1929)

Sesenne (1914-2010)

Sesenne (1914-2010)

Palacio, Andy (1960-2008)

Palacio, Andy (1960-2008)

de Saint Georges, Chevalier (1745-1799)

de Saint Georges, Chevalier (1745-1799)

Calister, Izaline (1969)

Calister, Izaline (1969)

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (1897-1957)

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (1897-1957)

Steiner, Max (1888-1971)

Steiner, Max (1888-1971)

Khachaturian, Aram (1903-1973)

Khachaturian, Aram (1903-1973)

Gardel, Carlos (1887 or 1890-1935)

Gardel, Carlos (1887 or 1890-1935)

Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza (1969)

Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza (1969)

Figarova, Amina (1964)

Figarova, Amina (1964)

Ali-Zadeh, Franghiz (1947)

Ali-Zadeh, Franghiz (1947)

Garayev, Gara (1918-1982)

Garayev, Gara (1918-1982)

Webern, Anton (1883-1945)

Webern, Anton (1883-1945)

Berg, Alban (1885-1935)

Berg, Alban (1885-1935)

Strauss III, Johann (1866-1939)

Strauss III, Johann (1866-1939)

Strauss II, Johann (1825-1899)

Strauss II, Johann (1825-1899)

Strauss I, Johann (1804-1849)

Strauss I, Johann (1804-1849)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz (1644-1704)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz (1644-1704)

Bruckner, Anton (1824-1896)

Bruckner, Anton (1824-1896)

Mahler, Gustav (1860-1911)

Mahler, Gustav (1860-1911)

Lampe, Padu (1920)

Lampe, Padu (1920)

Hamasyan, Tigran (1987)

Hamasyan, Tigran (1987)

Ginastera, Alberto (1916-1983)

Ginastera, Alberto (1916-1983)

Piazzola, Astor (1921-1992)

Piazzola, Astor (1921-1992)

Prince, Roland (1947-2016)

Prince, Roland (1947-2016)

Banx, Bankie (1953)

Banx, Bankie (1953)

Mingas, Ruy (1939)

Mingas, Ruy (1939)

Marfany Bons, Enric (1871-1972)

Marfany Bons, Enric (1871-1972)

Tuiteleleapaga, Napoleon Andrew (1904-1988)

Tuiteleleapaga, Napoleon Andrew (1904-1988)

Dada, Salim (1975)

Dada, Salim (1975)

Antoni, Lorenc (1909-1991)

Antoni, Lorenc (1909-1991)

Zahir, Ahmad (1946-1979) 

Zahir, Ahmad (1946-1979) 

Sarban, Abdul Rahim (1930-1993)

Sarban, Abdul Rahim (1930-1993)

Awalmir, Ustad (1931-1982)

Awalmir, Ustad (1931-1982)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Leela (2007)

Leela (2007)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Ioseliani, Nana (1962)

Ioseliani, Nana (1962)

Akhmilovskaya, Elena (1957-2012)

Akhmilovskaya, Elena (1957-2012)

Alexandria, Nana (1949)

Alexandria, Nana (1949)

Kushnir, Alla (1941-2013)

Kushnir, Alla (1941-2013)

Zvorykina, Kira (1919-2014)

Zvorykina, Kira (1919-2014)

al-Nadim, Ibn (935–995)

al-Nadim, Ibn (935–995)

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142)

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142)

Ponziani, Domenico Lorenzo (1719 – 1796)

Ponziani, Domenico Lorenzo (1719 – 1796)

del Rio, Ercole (c. 1718 – c. 1802)

del Rio, Ercole (c. 1718 – c. 1802)

Carrera, Pietro (1573-1647)

Carrera, Pietro (1573-1647)

Lewis, William (1787–1870)

Lewis, William (1787–1870)

Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)

Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)

Lagno, Kateryna (1989)

Lagno, Kateryna (1989)

Al-Lajlaj (900-970)

Al-Lajlaj (900-970)

Ar-Razi

Ar-Razi

Al-Adli (800-870)

Al-Adli (800-870)

Abun-Naam

Abun-Naam

Rabrab

Rabrab

Khandelwal, Ankush (1991)

Khandelwal, Ankush (1991)

Pearce, David

Pearce, David

Zographos, Achilleas (1967)

Zographos, Achilleas (1967)

Jabir al-Kufi (ca. 786-833)

Jabir al-Kufi (ca. 786-833)

Gascón del Nogal, Jose Rafael (1995)

Gascón del Nogal, Jose Rafael (1995)

Ju, Wenjun (1991)

Ju, Wenjun (1991)

Valverde Sancho, Jaime (1994)

Valverde Sancho, Jaime (1994)

Trevisan Herraz, Marco (1978)

Trevisan Herraz, Marco (1978)

de Toffoli, Dario (1953)

de Toffoli, Dario (1953)

Kuusk, Andres (1981)

Kuusk, Andres (1981)

Alexander Beliavsky (1953)

Alexander Beliavsky (1953)

Vladimir Akopian (1971)

Vladimir Akopian (1971)

Janowski, David (1868-1927)

Janowski, David (1868-1927)

Alexander McDonnell (1798-1835)

Alexander McDonnell (1798-1835)

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (1800-1872)

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (1800-1872)

Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)

Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)

Frank Marshall (1877-1944)

Frank Marshall (1877-1944)

Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997)

Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997)

Efim Bogoljubov (1889-1952)

Efim Bogoljubov (1889-1952)

Jan Timman (1951)

Jan Timman (1951)

Ajeeb (automaton) (1868-1926)

Ajeeb (automaton) (1868-1926)

Mephisto (automaton) (1878-1889)

Mephisto (automaton) (1878-1889)

Reshevsky, Samuel (1911-1992)

Reshevsky, Samuel (1911-1992)

Schlechter, Carl (1874-1918)

Schlechter, Carl (1874-1918)

Kamsky, Gata (1974)

Kamsky, Gata (1974)

Gunsberg, Isidor (1854-1930)

Gunsberg, Isidor (1854-1930)

Geller, Efim (1925-1998)

Geller, Efim (1925-1998)

Short, Nigel (1965)

Short, Nigel (1965)

Larsen, Bent (1935-2010)

Larsen, Bent (1935-2010)

Leko, Peter (1979)

Leko, Peter (1979)

Svidler, Peter (1976)

Svidler, Peter (1976)

Stein, Leonid (1934-1973)

Stein, Leonid (1934-1973)

Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)

Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)

Sedol, Lee (1983)

Sedol, Lee (1983)

Adams, Michael (1971)

Adams, Michael (1971)

Shirov, Alexei (1969)

Shirov, Alexei (1969)

Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906)

Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906)

Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)

Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)

Keres, Paul (1916-1975)

Keres, Paul (1916-1975)

Gelfand, Boris (1968)

Gelfand, Boris (1968)

Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969)

Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969)

Hip-Hop Chess Federation (2006)

Hip-Hop Chess Federation (2006)

Legall de Kermeur, François Antoine de (1702–1792)

Legall de Kermeur, François Antoine de (1702–1792)

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949)

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949)

Morricone, Ennio (1928)

Morricone, Ennio (1928)

Bernstein, Leonard (1918-1990)

Bernstein, Leonard (1918-1990)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (1906-1975)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (1906-1975)

Gligorić, Svetozar (1923-2012)

Gligorić, Svetozar (1923-2012)

Zukertort, Johannes (1842-1888)

Zukertort, Johannes (1842-1888)

Tarrasch, Siegbert (1862-1934)

Tarrasch, Siegbert (1862-1934)

Rudenko, Lyudmila (1904-1986)

Rudenko, Lyudmila (1904-1986)

Rubtsova, Olga (1909-1994)

Rubtsova, Olga (1909-1994)

Bykova, Elisaveta (1913-1989)

Bykova, Elisaveta (1913-1989)

Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941)

Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941)

Chiburdanidze, Maia (1961)

Chiburdanidze, Maia (1961)

Polgar, Susan (1969)

Polgar, Susan (1969)

Stefanova, Antoaneta (1979)

Stefanova, Antoaneta (1979)

Xie, Jun (1970)

Xie, Jun (1970)

Chen, Zhu (1976)

Chen, Zhu (1976)

Xu, Yuhua (1976)

Xu, Yuhua (1976)

Ziryab (789–857)

Ziryab (789–857)

Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984)

Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984)

Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911-2012)

Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911-2012)

Taimanov, Mark (1926-2016)

Taimanov, Mark (1926-2016)

García de la Banda, Francisco (1955)

García de la Banda, Francisco (1955)

Hassabis, Demis (1976)

Hassabis, Demis (1976)

Cerone, Pietro (1566-1625)

Cerone, Pietro (1566-1625)

UPIC (1977)

UPIC (1977)

Prokofiev, Sergei (1891-1953)

Prokofiev, Sergei (1891-1953)

Schoenberg, Arnold (1874-1951)

Schoenberg, Arnold (1874-1951)

Xenakis, Iannis (1922-2001)

Xenakis, Iannis (1922-2001)

Komodo (2013)

Komodo (2013)

Stockfish (2004)

Stockfish (2004)

Houdini (2010)

Houdini (2010)

Kaissa (Computer)

Kaissa (Computer)

Al-Suli (880-946)

Al-Suli (880-946)

Bāṇabhaṭṭa (S. VII)

Bāṇabhaṭṭa (S. VII)

Boi, Paolo (1528-1598)

Boi, Paolo (1528-1598)

Fritz/Deep Fritz (1990’s)

Fritz/Deep Fritz (1990’s)

AlphaZero (2017)

AlphaZero (2017)

Deep Blue (1985)

Deep Blue (1985)

El Ajedrecista (1912)

El Ajedrecista (1912)

The Turk (1770-1854)

The Turk (1770-1854)

Di Bona, Giovanni Leonardo (1542–1597)

Di Bona, Giovanni Leonardo (1542–1597)

Greco, Gioachino (1600 – 1634)

Greco, Gioachino (1600 – 1634)

Salvio, Alessandro (c. 1570 – c. 1640)

Salvio, Alessandro (c. 1570 – c. 1640)

Habu, Yoshiharu (1970)

Habu, Yoshiharu (1970)

Morozevich, Alexander (1977)

Morozevich, Alexander (1977)

Aronian, Levon (1982)

Aronian, Levon (1982)

Ding, Liren (1992)

Ding, Liren (1992)

So, Wesley (1993)

So, Wesley (1993)

Karjakin, Sergey (1990)

Karjakin, Sergey (1990)

Grischuk, Alexander (1983)

Grischuk, Alexander (1983)

Ushenina, Anna (1985)

Ushenina, Anna (1985)

Muzychuk, Mariya (1992)

Muzychuk, Mariya (1992)

Alfonso X of Castile (1221-1284)

Alfonso X of Castile (1221-1284)

López de Segura, Ruy (1530-1580)

López de Segura, Ruy (1530-1580)

Deschapelles, Alexandre (1780-1847)

Deschapelles, Alexandre (1780-1847)

Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968)

Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968)

Zhongyi, Tan (1991)

Zhongyi, Tan (1991)

Portisch, Lajos (1937)

Portisch, Lajos (1937)

Rubinstein, Akiba (1880-1961)

Rubinstein, Akiba (1880-1961)

Bronstein, David (1924-2006)

Bronstein, David (1924-2006)

Korchnoi, Viktor (1931-2016)

Korchnoi, Viktor (1931-2016)

La Bourdonnais, Louis-Charles Mahé de (1795-1840)

La Bourdonnais, Louis-Charles Mahé de (1795-1840)

Euwe, Max (1901-1981)

Euwe, Max (1901-1981)

Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar (1985)

Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar (1985)

Caruana, Fabiano (1992)

Caruana, Fabiano (1992)

Anderssen, Adolf (1818-1879)

Anderssen, Adolf (1818-1879)

Staunton, Howard (1810-1874)

Staunton, Howard (1810-1874)

Morphy, Paul (1837-1884)

Morphy, Paul (1837-1884)

Danican Philidor, François-André (1726-1795)

Danican Philidor, François-André (1726-1795)

Steinitz, Wilhelm (1836-1900)

Steinitz, Wilhelm (1836-1900)

Lasker, Emanuel (1868-1941)

Lasker, Emanuel (1868-1941)

Capablanca, José Raúl (1888-1942)

Capablanca, José Raúl (1888-1942)

Alekhine, Alexander (1892-1946)

Alekhine, Alexander (1892-1946)

Saint Hildegard of Bingen (1098 – 1179)

Saint Hildegard of Bingen (1098 – 1179)

Sappho (ca. 650/610 – 580 BC)

Sappho (ca. 650/610 – 580 BC)

Polgár, Judit (1976)

Polgár, Judit (1976)

Hou, Yifan (1994)

Hou, Yifan (1994)

Menchik, Vera (1906 – 1944)

Menchik, Vera (1906 – 1944)

Smyslov, Vasily (1921-2010)

Smyslov, Vasily (1921-2010)

Botvinnik, Mikhail (1911-1995)

Botvinnik, Mikhail (1911-1995)

Tal, Mikhail (1936 – 1992)

Tal, Mikhail (1936 – 1992)

Petrosian, Tigran (1929-1984)

Petrosian, Tigran (1929-1984)

Spassky, Boris (1937)

Spassky, Boris (1937)

Fischer, Bobby (1943-2008)

Fischer, Bobby (1943-2008)

Karpov, Anatoly (1951)

Karpov, Anatoly (1951)

Kasparov, Garry (1963)

Kasparov, Garry (1963)

Ponomariov, Ruslan (1983)

Ponomariov, Ruslan (1983)

Khalifman, Alexander (1966)

Khalifman, Alexander (1966)

Kasimdzhanov, Rustam (1979)

Kasimdzhanov, Rustam (1979)

Topalov, Veselin (1975)

Topalov, Veselin (1975)

Kramnik, Vladimir (1975)

Kramnik, Vladimir (1975)

Ravel, Maurice (1875-1937)

Ravel, Maurice (1875-1937)

Debussy, Claude (1862-1918)

Debussy, Claude (1862-1918)

Zimmer, Hans (1957)

Zimmer, Hans (1957)

Williams, John (1932)

Williams, John (1932)

Princess Enheduanna (XXIII century BC)

Princess Enheduanna (XXIII century BC)

Rachmaninoff, Sergei (1873-1943)

Rachmaninoff, Sergei (1873-1943)

Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1643)

Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1643)

Bartók, Béla (1881-1945)

Bartók, Béla (1881-1945)

Händel, Georg Friedrich (1685-1759)

Händel, Georg Friedrich (1685-1759)

Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilyich (1840-1893)

Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilyich (1840-1893)

Cage, John (1912-1992)

Cage, John (1912-1992)

Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741)

Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741)

Schumann, Robert (1810-1856)

Schumann, Robert (1810-1856)

Rodrigo, Joaquín (1901-1999)

Rodrigo, Joaquín (1901-1999)

Granados, Enrique (1867-1916)

Granados, Enrique (1867-1916)

Albéniz, Isaac (1860-1910)

Albéniz, Isaac (1860-1910)

Falla, Manuel de (1876-1946)

Falla, Manuel de (1876-1946)

Turina, Joaquín (1882-1946)

Turina, Joaquín (1882-1946)

Sibelius, Jean (1865-1957)

Sibelius, Jean (1865-1957)

Wagner, Richard (1813-1883)

Wagner, Richard (1813-1883)

Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897)

Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897)

Liszt, Franz (1811-1886)

Liszt, Franz (1811-1886)

Sculthorpe, Peter (1929-2014)

Sculthorpe, Peter (1929-2014)

Dvořák, Antonín (1841-1904)

Dvořák, Antonín (1841-1904)

Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809)

Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809)

Chopin, Frédéric (1810-1849)

Chopin, Frédéric (1810-1849)

Schubert, Franz (1797-1828)

Schubert, Franz (1797-1828)

Stravinsky, Igor (1882- 1971)

Stravinsky, Igor (1882- 1971)

Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750)

Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750)

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)

Arezzo, Guido of (991-1033)

Arezzo, Guido of (991-1033)

Anand, Viswanathan (1969)

Anand, Viswanathan (1969)

Carlsen, Magnus (1990)

Carlsen, Magnus (1990)

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)

Mind Sports

Tocada Movida (2007)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Leela (2007)

Leela (2007)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Marić, Alisa (1970)