Profiles

Significant historical figures of music, chess and mind sports
Bach, Johann Ernst (1722-1777)

Bach, Johann Ernst (1722-1777)

Bach, Johann Ernst (1683-1739)

Bach, Johann Ernst (1683-1739)

Bach, Christoph (1613-1661)

Bach, Christoph (1613-1661)

Bach, Johann Ambrosius (1645-1695)

Bach, Johann Ambrosius (1645-1695)

Bach, Johann Christoph Friedrich (1732-1795)

Bach, Johann Christoph Friedrich (1732-1795)

Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann (1710-1784)

Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann (1710-1784)

Bach, Johann Christian (1735-1782)

Bach, Johann Christian (1735-1782)

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714-1788)

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714-1788)

Morales de los Ríos, Pablo (1979)

Morales de los Ríos, Pablo (1979)

Ramírez de Lucena, Luis (c.1465 – c.1530)

Ramírez de Lucena, Luis (c.1465 – c.1530)

Cerón, Alfonso (1535-1600)

Cerón, Alfonso (1535-1600)

Sagap, Awang Haji Besar Bin

Sagap, Awang Haji Besar Bin

Farafina (1978)

Farafina (1978)

Matsieng (2005)

Matsieng (2005)

Franco and Afro Musica

Franco and Afro Musica

Goleminov, Marin (1908-2000)

Goleminov, Marin (1908-2000)

Bregović, Goran (1950)

Bregović, Goran (1950)

Lama Gyurme (1948)

Lama Gyurme (1948)

The Talbot Brothers of Bermuda (1942-1980)

The Talbot Brothers of Bermuda (1942-1980)

Amis, Kenneth (1970)

Amis, Kenneth (1970)

Kidjo, Angelique (1960)

Kidjo, Angelique (1960)

Moniuszko, Stanislaw (1819-1872)

Moniuszko, Stanislaw (1819-1872)

Gabby, Mighty (1948)

Gabby, Mighty (1948)

Cavite Chorale (1973)

Cavite Chorale (1973)

Nazrul Islam, Kazi (1899-1976)

Nazrul Islam, Kazi (1899-1976)

Ahlam (1968)

Ahlam (1968)

Hao, Wang (1989)

Hao, Wang (1989)

Radjabov, Teimour (1987)

Radjabov, Teimour (1987)

Savall, Jordi (1941)

Savall, Jordi (1941)

Paniagua, Eduardo (1952)

Paniagua, Eduardo (1952)

Clement Bethel, Edward (1938-1987)

Clement Bethel, Edward (1938-1987)

Dekker, Alain (1973)

Dekker, Alain (1973)

Hamer, Martyn (1979)

Hamer, Martyn (1979)

Heppell, James (1988)

Heppell, James (1988)

Ngata, Apirana (1874-1950)

Ngata, Apirana (1874-1950)

Nakikus, Anslom

Nakikus, Anslom

Telek, George (1959)

Telek, George (1959)

Sanguma (1977-1985)

Sanguma (1977-1985)

Pío Barrios, Agustín (1885-1944)

Pío Barrios, Agustín (1885-1944)

Duarte, Celso (1974)

Duarte, Celso (1974)

Mariterangi, Marie (1926-1971)

Mariterangi, Marie (1926-1971)

Mihi-ki-te-kapua (¿?-1872)

Mihi-ki-te-kapua (¿?-1872)

Pewhairangi, Ngoi (1921/29-1985)

Pewhairangi, Ngoi (1921/29-1985)

Ngawai, Tuini (1910-1965)

Ngawai, Tuini (1910-1965)

Los Jaivas (1963)

Los Jaivas (1963)

Inti-Illimani (1967)

Inti-Illimani (1967)

Villa-Lobos, Heitor (1887-1959)

Villa-Lobos, Heitor (1887-1959)

Los Kjarkas (1971)

Los Kjarkas (1971)

Te Vaka (1995)

Te Vaka (1995)

Mejía Godoy, Carlos (1943)

Mejía Godoy, Carlos (1943)

Brown, Delyno (Presure) (1981)

Brown, Delyno (Presure) (1981)

Poleon, Rameau (1929)

Poleon, Rameau (1929)

Sesenne (1914-2010)

Sesenne (1914-2010)

Palacio, Andy (1960-2008)

Palacio, Andy (1960-2008)

de Saint Georges, Chevalier (1745-1799)

de Saint Georges, Chevalier (1745-1799)

Calister, Izaline (1969)

Calister, Izaline (1969)

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (1897-1957)

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (1897-1957)

Steiner, Max (1888-1971)

Steiner, Max (1888-1971)

Khachaturian, Aram (1903-1973)

Khachaturian, Aram (1903-1973)

Gardel, Carlos (1887 or 1890-1935)

Gardel, Carlos (1887 or 1890-1935)

Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza (1969)

Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza (1969)

Figarova, Amina (1964)

Figarova, Amina (1964)

Ali-Zadeh, Franghiz (1947)

Ali-Zadeh, Franghiz (1947)

Garayev, Gara (1918-1982)

Garayev, Gara (1918-1982)

Webern, Anton (1883-1945)

Webern, Anton (1883-1945)

Berg, Alban (1885-1935)

Berg, Alban (1885-1935)

Strauss III, Johann (1866-1939)

Strauss III, Johann (1866-1939)

Strauss II, Johann (1825-1899)

Strauss II, Johann (1825-1899)

Strauss I, Johann (1804-1849)

Strauss I, Johann (1804-1849)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz (1644-1704)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz (1644-1704)

Bruckner, Anton (1824-1896)

Bruckner, Anton (1824-1896)

Mahler, Gustav (1860-1911)

Mahler, Gustav (1860-1911)

Lampe, Padu (1920)

Lampe, Padu (1920)

Hamasyan, Tigran (1987)

Hamasyan, Tigran (1987)

Ginastera, Alberto (1916-1983)

Ginastera, Alberto (1916-1983)

Piazzola, Astor (1921-1992)

Piazzola, Astor (1921-1992)

Prince, Roland (1947-2016)

Prince, Roland (1947-2016)

Banx, Bankie (1953)

Banx, Bankie (1953)

Mingas, Ruy (1939)

Mingas, Ruy (1939)

Marfany Bons, Enric (1871-1972)

Marfany Bons, Enric (1871-1972)

Tuiteleleapaga, Napoleon Andrew (1904-1988)

Tuiteleleapaga, Napoleon Andrew (1904-1988)

Dada, Salim (1975)

Dada, Salim (1975)

Antoni, Lorenc (1909-1991)

Antoni, Lorenc (1909-1991)

Zahir, Ahmad (1946-1979) 

Zahir, Ahmad (1946-1979) 

Sarban, Abdul Rahim (1930-1993)

Sarban, Abdul Rahim (1930-1993)

Awalmir, Ustad (1931-1982)

Awalmir, Ustad (1931-1982)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Leela (2007)

Leela (2007)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Ioseliani, Nana (1962)

Ioseliani, Nana (1962)

Akhmilovskaya, Elena (1957-2012)

Akhmilovskaya, Elena (1957-2012)

Alexandria, Nana (1949)

Alexandria, Nana (1949)

Kushnir, Alla (1941-2013)

Kushnir, Alla (1941-2013)

Zvorykina, Kira (1919-2014)

Zvorykina, Kira (1919-2014)

al-Nadim, Ibn (935–995)

al-Nadim, Ibn (935–995)

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142)

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142)

Ponziani, Domenico Lorenzo (1719 – 1796)

Ponziani, Domenico Lorenzo (1719 – 1796)

del Rio, Ercole (c. 1718 – c. 1802)

del Rio, Ercole (c. 1718 – c. 1802)

Carrera, Pietro (1573-1647)

Carrera, Pietro (1573-1647)

Lewis, William (1787–1870)

Lewis, William (1787–1870)

Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)

Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)

Lagno, Kateryna (1989)

Lagno, Kateryna (1989)

Al-Lajlaj (900-970)

Al-Lajlaj (900-970)

Ar-Razi

Ar-Razi

Al-Adli (800-870)

Al-Adli (800-870)

Abun-Naam

Abun-Naam

Rabrab

Rabrab

Khandelwal, Ankush (1991)

Khandelwal, Ankush (1991)

Pearce, David

Pearce, David

Zographos, Achilleas (1967)

Zographos, Achilleas (1967)

Jabir al-Kufi (ca. 786-833)

Jabir al-Kufi (ca. 786-833)

Gascón del Nogal, Jose Rafael (1995)

Gascón del Nogal, Jose Rafael (1995)

Ju, Wenjun (1991)

Ju, Wenjun (1991)

Valverde Sancho, Jaime (1994)

Valverde Sancho, Jaime (1994)

Trevisan Herraz, Marco (1978)

Trevisan Herraz, Marco (1978)

de Toffoli, Dario (1953)

de Toffoli, Dario (1953)

Kuusk, Andres (1981)

Kuusk, Andres (1981)

Alexander Beliavsky (1953)

Alexander Beliavsky (1953)

Vladimir Akopian (1971)

Vladimir Akopian (1971)

Janowski, David (1868-1927)

Janowski, David (1868-1927)

Alexander McDonnell (1798-1835)

Alexander McDonnell (1798-1835)

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (1800-1872)

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (1800-1872)

Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)

Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)

Frank Marshall (1877-1944)

Frank Marshall (1877-1944)

Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997)

Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997)

Efim Bogoljubov (1889-1952)

Efim Bogoljubov (1889-1952)

Jan Timman (1951)

Jan Timman (1951)

Philipp Stamma (c.1705 – c.1755)

Philipp Stamma (c.1705 – c.1755)

Ajeeb (automaton) (1868-1926)

Ajeeb (automaton) (1868-1926)

Mephisto (automaton) (1878-1889)

Mephisto (automaton) (1878-1889)

Reshevsky, Samuel (1911-1992)

Reshevsky, Samuel (1911-1992)

Schlechter, Carl (1874-1918)

Schlechter, Carl (1874-1918)

Kamsky, Gata (1974)

Kamsky, Gata (1974)

Gunsberg, Isidor (1854-1930)

Gunsberg, Isidor (1854-1930)

Geller, Efim (1925-1998)

Geller, Efim (1925-1998)

Short, Nigel (1965)

Short, Nigel (1965)

Larsen, Bent (1935-2010)

Larsen, Bent (1935-2010)

Leko, Peter (1979)

Leko, Peter (1979)

Svidler, Peter (1976)

Svidler, Peter (1976)

Stein, Leonid (1934-1973)

Stein, Leonid (1934-1973)

Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)

Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)

Sedol, Lee (1983)

Sedol, Lee (1983)

Adams, Michael (1971)

Adams, Michael (1971)

Shirov, Alexei (1969)

Shirov, Alexei (1969)

Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906)

Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906)

Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)

Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)

Keres, Paul (1916-1975)

Keres, Paul (1916-1975)

Gelfand, Boris (1968)

Gelfand, Boris (1968)

Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969)

Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969)

Hip-Hop Chess Federation (2006)

Hip-Hop Chess Federation (2006)

Legall de Kermeur, François Antoine de (1702–1792)

Legall de Kermeur, François Antoine de (1702–1792)

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949)

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949)

Morricone, Ennio (1928)

Morricone, Ennio (1928)

Bernstein, Leonard (1918-1990)

Bernstein, Leonard (1918-1990)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (1906-1975)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (1906-1975)

Gligorić, Svetozar (1923-2012)

Gligorić, Svetozar (1923-2012)

Zukertort, Johannes (1842-1888)

Zukertort, Johannes (1842-1888)

Tarrasch, Siegbert (1862-1934)

Tarrasch, Siegbert (1862-1934)

Rudenko, Lyudmila (1904-1986)

Rudenko, Lyudmila (1904-1986)

Rubtsova, Olga (1909-1994)

Rubtsova, Olga (1909-1994)

Bykova, Elisaveta (1913-1989)

Bykova, Elisaveta (1913-1989)

Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941)

Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941)

Chiburdanidze, Maia (1961)

Chiburdanidze, Maia (1961)

Polgar, Susan (1969)

Polgar, Susan (1969)

Stefanova, Antoaneta (1979)

Stefanova, Antoaneta (1979)

Xie, Jun (1970)

Xie, Jun (1970)

Chen, Zhu (1976)

Chen, Zhu (1976)

Xu, Yuhua (1976)

Xu, Yuhua (1976)

Ziryab (789–857)

Ziryab (789–857)

Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984)

Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984)

Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911-2012)

Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911-2012)

Taimanov, Mark (1926-2016)

Taimanov, Mark (1926-2016)

García de la Banda, Francisco (1955)

García de la Banda, Francisco (1955)

Hassabis, Demis (1976)

Hassabis, Demis (1976)

Cerone, Pietro (1566-1625)

Cerone, Pietro (1566-1625)

UPIC (1977)

UPIC (1977)

Prokofiev, Sergei (1891-1953)

Prokofiev, Sergei (1891-1953)

Schoenberg, Arnold (1874-1951)

Schoenberg, Arnold (1874-1951)

Xenakis, Iannis (1922-2001)

Xenakis, Iannis (1922-2001)

Komodo (2013)

Komodo (2013)

Stockfish (2004)

Stockfish (2004)

Houdini (2010)

Houdini (2010)

Kaissa (Computer)

Kaissa (Computer)

Al-Suli (880-946)

Al-Suli (880-946)

Bāṇabhaṭṭa (S. VII)

Bāṇabhaṭṭa (S. VII)

Boi, Paolo (1528-1598)

Boi, Paolo (1528-1598)

Fritz/Deep Fritz (1990’s)

Fritz/Deep Fritz (1990’s)

AlphaZero (2017)

AlphaZero (2017)

Deep Blue (1985)

Deep Blue (1985)

El Ajedrecista (1912)

El Ajedrecista (1912)

The Turk (1770-1854)

The Turk (1770-1854)

Di Bona, Giovanni Leonardo (1542–1597)

Di Bona, Giovanni Leonardo (1542–1597)

Greco, Gioachino (1600 – 1634)

Greco, Gioachino (1600 – 1634)

Salvio, Alessandro (c. 1570 – c. 1640)

Salvio, Alessandro (c. 1570 – c. 1640)

Habu, Yoshiharu (1970)

Habu, Yoshiharu (1970)

Morozevich, Alexander (1977)

Morozevich, Alexander (1977)

Aronian, Levon (1982)

Aronian, Levon (1982)

Ding, Liren (1992)

Ding, Liren (1992)

So, Wesley (1993)

So, Wesley (1993)

Karjakin, Sergey (1990)

Karjakin, Sergey (1990)

Grischuk, Alexander (1983)

Grischuk, Alexander (1983)

Ushenina, Anna (1985)

Ushenina, Anna (1985)

Muzychuk, Mariya (1992)

Muzychuk, Mariya (1992)

Alfonso X of Castile (1221-1284)

Alfonso X of Castile (1221-1284)

López de Segura, Ruy (1530-1580)

López de Segura, Ruy (1530-1580)

Deschapelles, Alexandre (1780-1847)

Deschapelles, Alexandre (1780-1847)

Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968)

Duchamp, Marcel (1887-1968)

Zhongyi, Tan (1991)

Zhongyi, Tan (1991)

Portisch, Lajos (1937)

Portisch, Lajos (1937)

Rubinstein, Akiba (1880-1961)

Rubinstein, Akiba (1880-1961)

Bronstein, David (1924-2006)

Bronstein, David (1924-2006)

Korchnoi, Viktor (1931-2016)

Korchnoi, Viktor (1931-2016)

La Bourdonnais, Louis-Charles Mahé de (1795-1840)

La Bourdonnais, Louis-Charles Mahé de (1795-1840)

Euwe, Max (1901-1981)

Euwe, Max (1901-1981)

Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar (1985)

Mamedyarov, Shakhriyar (1985)

Caruana, Fabiano (1992)

Caruana, Fabiano (1992)

Anderssen, Adolf (1818-1879)

Anderssen, Adolf (1818-1879)

Staunton, Howard (1810-1874)

Staunton, Howard (1810-1874)

Morphy, Paul (1837-1884)

Morphy, Paul (1837-1884)

Danican Philidor, François-André (1726-1795)

Danican Philidor, François-André (1726-1795)

Steinitz, Wilhelm (1836-1900)

Steinitz, Wilhelm (1836-1900)

Lasker, Emanuel (1868-1941)

Lasker, Emanuel (1868-1941)

Capablanca, José Raúl (1888-1942)

Capablanca, José Raúl (1888-1942)

Alekhine, Alexander (1892-1946)

Alekhine, Alexander (1892-1946)

Saint Hildegard of Bingen (1098 – 1179)

Saint Hildegard of Bingen (1098 – 1179)

Sappho (ca. 650/610 – 580 BC)

Sappho (ca. 650/610 – 580 BC)

Polgár, Judit (1976)

Polgár, Judit (1976)

Hou, Yifan (1994)

Hou, Yifan (1994)

Menchik, Vera (1906 – 1944)

Menchik, Vera (1906 – 1944)

Smyslov, Vasily (1921-2010)

Smyslov, Vasily (1921-2010)

Botvinnik, Mikhail (1911-1995)

Botvinnik, Mikhail (1911-1995)

Tal, Mikhail (1936 – 1992)

Tal, Mikhail (1936 – 1992)

Petrosian, Tigran (1929-1984)

Petrosian, Tigran (1929-1984)

Spassky, Boris (1937)

Spassky, Boris (1937)

Fischer, Bobby (1943-2008)

Fischer, Bobby (1943-2008)

Karpov, Anatoly (1951)

Karpov, Anatoly (1951)

Kasparov, Garry (1963)

Kasparov, Garry (1963)

Ponomariov, Ruslan (1983)

Ponomariov, Ruslan (1983)

Khalifman, Alexander (1966)

Khalifman, Alexander (1966)

Kasimdzhanov, Rustam (1979)

Kasimdzhanov, Rustam (1979)

Topalov, Veselin (1975)

Topalov, Veselin (1975)

Kramnik, Vladimir (1975)

Kramnik, Vladimir (1975)

Ravel, Maurice (1875-1937)

Ravel, Maurice (1875-1937)

Debussy, Claude (1862-1918)

Debussy, Claude (1862-1918)

Zimmer, Hans (1957)

Zimmer, Hans (1957)

Williams, John (1932)

Williams, John (1932)

Princess Enheduanna (XXIII century BC)

Princess Enheduanna (XXIII century BC)

Rachmaninoff, Sergei (1873-1943)

Rachmaninoff, Sergei (1873-1943)

Caïssa

Caïssa

Euterpe

Euterpe

Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1643)

Monteverdi, Claudio (1567-1643)

Bartók, Béla (1881-1945)

Bartók, Béla (1881-1945)

Händel, Georg Friedrich (1685-1759)

Händel, Georg Friedrich (1685-1759)

Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilyich (1840-1893)

Tchaikovsky, Piotr Ilyich (1840-1893)

Cage, John (1912-1992)

Cage, John (1912-1992)

Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741)

Vivaldi, Antonio (1678-1741)

Schumann, Robert (1810-1856)

Schumann, Robert (1810-1856)

Rodrigo, Joaquín (1901-1999)

Rodrigo, Joaquín (1901-1999)

Granados, Enrique (1867-1916)

Granados, Enrique (1867-1916)

Albéniz, Isaac (1860-1910)

Albéniz, Isaac (1860-1910)

Falla, Manuel de (1876-1946)

Falla, Manuel de (1876-1946)

Turina, Joaquín (1882-1946)

Turina, Joaquín (1882-1946)

Sibelius, Jean (1865-1957)

Sibelius, Jean (1865-1957)

Wagner, Richard (1813-1883)

Wagner, Richard (1813-1883)

Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897)

Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897)

Liszt, Franz (1811-1886)

Liszt, Franz (1811-1886)

Sculthorpe, Peter (1929-2014)

Sculthorpe, Peter (1929-2014)

Dvořák, Antonín (1841-1904)

Dvořák, Antonín (1841-1904)

Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809)

Haydn, Franz Joseph (1732-1809)

Chopin, Frédéric (1810-1849)

Chopin, Frédéric (1810-1849)

Schubert, Franz (1797-1828)

Schubert, Franz (1797-1828)

Stravinsky, Igor (1882- 1971)

Stravinsky, Igor (1882- 1971)

Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750)

Bach, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750)

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)

Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)

Arezzo, Guido of (991-1033)

Arezzo, Guido of (991-1033)

Anand, Viswanathan (1969)

Anand, Viswanathan (1969)

Carlsen, Magnus (1990)

Carlsen, Magnus (1990)

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-1791)

Countries

Bach, Johann Ernst (1722-1777)

Bach, Johann Ernst (1722-1777)

Bach, Johann Ernst (1683-1739)

Bach, Johann Ernst (1683-1739)

Bach, Christoph (1613-1661)

Bach, Christoph (1613-1661)

Bach, Johann Ambrosius (1645-1695)

Bach, Johann Ambrosius (1645-1695)

Bach, Johann Christoph Friedrich (1732-1795)

Bach, Johann Christoph Friedrich (1732-1795)

Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann (1710-1784)

Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann (1710-1784)

Bach, Johann Christian (1735-1782)

Bach, Johann Christian (1735-1782)

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714-1788)

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel (1714-1788)

Morales de los Ríos, Pablo (1979)

Morales de los Ríos, Pablo (1979)

Ramírez de Lucena, Luis (c.1465 – c.1530)

Ramírez de Lucena, Luis (c.1465 – c.1530)

Cerón, Alfonso (1535-1600)

Cerón, Alfonso (1535-1600)

Sagap, Awang Haji Besar Bin

Sagap, Awang Haji Besar Bin

Farafina (1978)

Farafina (1978)

Matsieng (2005)

Matsieng (2005)

Franco and Afro Musica

Franco and Afro Musica

Goleminov, Marin (1908-2000)

Goleminov, Marin (1908-2000)

Bregović, Goran (1950)

Bregović, Goran (1950)

Lama Gyurme (1948)

Lama Gyurme (1948)

The Talbot Brothers of Bermuda (1942-1980)

The Talbot Brothers of Bermuda (1942-1980)

Amis, Kenneth (1970)

Amis, Kenneth (1970)

Kidjo, Angelique (1960)

Kidjo, Angelique (1960)

Moniuszko, Stanislaw (1819-1872)

Moniuszko, Stanislaw (1819-1872)

Gabby, Mighty (1948)

Gabby, Mighty (1948)

Cavite Chorale (1973)

Cavite Chorale (1973)

Nazrul Islam, Kazi (1899-1976)

Nazrul Islam, Kazi (1899-1976)

Ahlam (1968)

Ahlam (1968)

Hao, Wang (1989)

Hao, Wang (1989)

Radjabov, Teimour (1987)

Radjabov, Teimour (1987)

Savall, Jordi (1941)

Savall, Jordi (1941)

Paniagua, Eduardo (1952)

Paniagua, Eduardo (1952)

Clement Bethel, Edward (1938-1987)

Clement Bethel, Edward (1938-1987)

Dekker, Alain (1973)

Dekker, Alain (1973)

Hamer, Martyn (1979)

Hamer, Martyn (1979)

Heppell, James (1988)

Heppell, James (1988)

Ngata, Apirana (1874-1950)

Ngata, Apirana (1874-1950)

Nakikus, Anslom

Nakikus, Anslom

Telek, George (1959)

Telek, George (1959)

Sanguma (1977-1985)

Sanguma (1977-1985)

Pío Barrios, Agustín (1885-1944)

Pío Barrios, Agustín (1885-1944)

Duarte, Celso (1974)

Duarte, Celso (1974)

Mariterangi, Marie (1926-1971)

Mariterangi, Marie (1926-1971)

Mihi-ki-te-kapua (¿?-1872)

Mihi-ki-te-kapua (¿?-1872)

Pewhairangi, Ngoi (1921/29-1985)

Pewhairangi, Ngoi (1921/29-1985)

Ngawai, Tuini (1910-1965)

Ngawai, Tuini (1910-1965)

Los Jaivas (1963)

Los Jaivas (1963)

Inti-Illimani (1967)

Inti-Illimani (1967)

Villa-Lobos, Heitor (1887-1959)

Villa-Lobos, Heitor (1887-1959)

Los Kjarkas (1971)

Los Kjarkas (1971)

Te Vaka (1995)

Te Vaka (1995)

Mejía Godoy, Carlos (1943)

Mejía Godoy, Carlos (1943)

Brown, Delyno (Presure) (1981)

Brown, Delyno (Presure) (1981)

Poleon, Rameau (1929)

Poleon, Rameau (1929)

Sesenne (1914-2010)

Sesenne (1914-2010)

Palacio, Andy (1960-2008)

Palacio, Andy (1960-2008)

de Saint Georges, Chevalier (1745-1799)

de Saint Georges, Chevalier (1745-1799)

Calister, Izaline (1969)

Calister, Izaline (1969)

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (1897-1957)

Korngold, Erich Wolfgang (1897-1957)

Steiner, Max (1888-1971)

Steiner, Max (1888-1971)

Khachaturian, Aram (1903-1973)

Khachaturian, Aram (1903-1973)

Gardel, Carlos (1887 or 1890-1935)

Gardel, Carlos (1887 or 1890-1935)

Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza (1969)

Mustafa Zadeh, Aziza (1969)

Figarova, Amina (1964)

Figarova, Amina (1964)

Ali-Zadeh, Franghiz (1947)

Ali-Zadeh, Franghiz (1947)

Garayev, Gara (1918-1982)

Garayev, Gara (1918-1982)

Webern, Anton (1883-1945)

Webern, Anton (1883-1945)

Berg, Alban (1885-1935)

Berg, Alban (1885-1935)

Strauss III, Johann (1866-1939)

Strauss III, Johann (1866-1939)

Strauss II, Johann (1825-1899)

Strauss II, Johann (1825-1899)

Strauss I, Johann (1804-1849)

Strauss I, Johann (1804-1849)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz (1644-1704)

Biber, Heinrich Ignaz (1644-1704)

Bruckner, Anton (1824-1896)

Bruckner, Anton (1824-1896)

Mahler, Gustav (1860-1911)

Mahler, Gustav (1860-1911)

Lampe, Padu (1920)

Lampe, Padu (1920)

Hamasyan, Tigran (1987)

Hamasyan, Tigran (1987)

Ginastera, Alberto (1916-1983)

Ginastera, Alberto (1916-1983)

Piazzola, Astor (1921-1992)

Piazzola, Astor (1921-1992)

Prince, Roland (1947-2016)

Prince, Roland (1947-2016)

Banx, Bankie (1953)

Banx, Bankie (1953)

Mingas, Ruy (1939)

Mingas, Ruy (1939)

Marfany Bons, Enric (1871-1972)

Marfany Bons, Enric (1871-1972)

Tuiteleleapaga, Napoleon Andrew (1904-1988)

Tuiteleleapaga, Napoleon Andrew (1904-1988)

Dada, Salim (1975)

Dada, Salim (1975)

Antoni, Lorenc (1909-1991)

Antoni, Lorenc (1909-1991)

Zahir, Ahmad (1946-1979) 

Zahir, Ahmad (1946-1979) 

Sarban, Abdul Rahim (1930-1993)

Sarban, Abdul Rahim (1930-1993)

Awalmir, Ustad (1931-1982)

Awalmir, Ustad (1931-1982)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Tocada Movida (2007)

Leela (2007)

Leela (2007)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Kovalevskaya, Ekaterina (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Qin, Kanying (1974)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Levitina, Irina (1954)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Pogonina, Natalia (1985)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Muzychuk, Anna (1990)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Koneru, Humpy (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Lufei, Ruan (1987)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Galliamova, Alisa (1972)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Polgar, Sofia (1974)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Marić, Alisa (1970)

Ioseliani, Nana (1962)

Ioseliani, Nana (1962)

Akhmilovskaya, Elena (1957-2012)

Akhmilovskaya, Elena (1957-2012)

Alexandria, Nana (1949)

Alexandria, Nana (1949)

Kushnir, Alla (1941-2013)

Kushnir, Alla (1941-2013)

Zvorykina, Kira (1919-2014)

Zvorykina, Kira (1919-2014)

al-Nadim, Ibn (935–995)

al-Nadim, Ibn (935–995)

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142)

Abelard, Peter (1079-1142)

Ponziani, Domenico Lorenzo (1719 – 1796)

Ponziani, Domenico Lorenzo (1719 – 1796)

del Rio, Ercole (c. 1718 – c. 1802)

del Rio, Ercole (c. 1718 – c. 1802)

Carrera, Pietro (1573-1647)

Carrera, Pietro (1573-1647)

Lewis, William (1787–1870)

Lewis, William (1787–1870)

Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)

Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)

Lagno, Kateryna (1989)

Lagno, Kateryna (1989)

Al-Lajlaj (900-970)

Al-Lajlaj (900-970)

Ar-Razi

Ar-Razi

Al-Adli (800-870)

Al-Adli (800-870)

Abun-Naam

Abun-Naam

Rabrab

Rabrab

Khandelwal, Ankush (1991)

Khandelwal, Ankush (1991)

Pearce, David

Pearce, David

Zographos, Achilleas (1967)

Zographos, Achilleas (1967)

Jabir al-Kufi (ca. 786-833)

Jabir al-Kufi (ca. 786-833)

Gascón del Nogal, Jose Rafael (1995)

Gascón del Nogal, Jose Rafael (1995)

Ju, Wenjun (1991)

Ju, Wenjun (1991)

Valverde Sancho, Jaime (1994)

Valverde Sancho, Jaime (1994)

Trevisan Herraz, Marco (1978)

Trevisan Herraz, Marco (1978)

de Toffoli, Dario (1953)

de Toffoli, Dario (1953)

Kuusk, Andres (1981)

Kuusk, Andres (1981)

Alexander Beliavsky (1953)

Alexander Beliavsky (1953)

Vladimir Akopian (1971)

Vladimir Akopian (1971)

Janowski, David (1868-1927)

Janowski, David (1868-1927)

Alexander McDonnell (1798-1835)

Alexander McDonnell (1798-1835)

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (1800-1872)

Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant (1800-1872)

Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)

Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)

Frank Marshall (1877-1944)

Frank Marshall (1877-1944)

Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997)

Miguel Najdorf (1910-1997)

Efim Bogoljubov (1889-1952)

Efim Bogoljubov (1889-1952)

Jan Timman (1951)

Jan Timman (1951)

Ajeeb (automaton) (1868-1926)

Ajeeb (automaton) (1868-1926)

Mephisto (automaton) (1878-1889)

Mephisto (automaton) (1878-1889)

Reshevsky, Samuel (1911-1992)

Reshevsky, Samuel (1911-1992)

Schlechter, Carl (1874-1918)

Schlechter, Carl (1874-1918)

Kamsky, Gata (1974)

Kamsky, Gata (1974)

Gunsberg, Isidor (1854-1930)

Gunsberg, Isidor (1854-1930)

Geller, Efim (1925-1998)

Geller, Efim (1925-1998)

Short, Nigel (1965)

Short, Nigel (1965)

Larsen, Bent (1935-2010)

Larsen, Bent (1935-2010)

Leko, Peter (1979)

Leko, Peter (1979)

Svidler, Peter (1976)

Svidler, Peter (1976)

Stein, Leonid (1934-1973)

Stein, Leonid (1934-1973)

Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)

Chigorin, Mikhail (1850-1908)

Sedol, Lee (1983)

Sedol, Lee (1983)

Adams, Michael (1971)

Adams, Michael (1971)

Shirov, Alexei (1969)

Shirov, Alexei (1969)

Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906)

Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872-1906)

Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)

Fine, Reuben (1914-1993)

Keres, Paul (1916-1975)

Keres, Paul (1916-1975)

Gelfand, Boris (1968)

Gelfand, Boris (1968)

Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969)

Ivanchuk, Vasily (1969)

Hip-Hop Chess Federation (2006)

Hip-Hop Chess Federation (2006)

Legall de Kermeur, François Antoine de (1702–1792)

Legall de Kermeur, François Antoine de (1702–1792)

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949)

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949)

Morricone, Ennio (1928)

Morricone, Ennio (1928)

Bernstein, Leonard (1918-1990)

Bernstein, Leonard (1918-1990)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (1906-1975)

Shostakovich, Dmitri (1906-1975)

Gligorić, Svetozar (1923-2012)

Gligorić, Svetozar (1923-2012)

Zukertort, Johannes (1842-1888)

Zukertort, Johannes (1842-1888)

Tarrasch, Siegbert (1862-1934)

Tarrasch, Siegbert (1862-1934)

Rudenko, Lyudmila (1904-1986)

Rudenko, Lyudmila (1904-1986)

Rubtsova, Olga (1909-1994)

Rubtsova, Olga (1909-1994)

Bykova, Elisaveta (1913-1989)

Bykova, Elisaveta (1913-1989)

Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941)

Gaprindashvili, Nona (1941)

Chiburdanidze, Maia (1961)

Chiburdanidze, Maia (1961)

Polgar, Susan (1969)

Polgar, Susan (1969)

Stefanova, Antoaneta (1979)

Stefanova, Antoaneta (1979)

Xie, Jun (1970)

Xie, Jun (1970)

Chen, Zhu (1976)

Chen, Zhu (1976)

Xu, Yuhua (1976)

Xu, Yuhua (1976)

Ziryab (789–857)

Ziryab (789–857)

Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984)

Kosteniuk, Alexandra (1984)

Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911-2012)

Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911-2012)

Taimanov, Mark (1926-2016)

Taimanov, Mark (1926-2016)