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Beethoven, Ludwig van (1770-1827)

Ludwig van Beethoven. Joseph Karl Stieler (1820).


Alternative last name spellings: L. V. Beethoven.
Alternative first name spellings: Ludwig Maria. Ludovicus


“Only art and science can exalt man to divinity.”



Description: Considered one of the most important composers in the history of music, Beethoven was ahead of his time getting the jump from Classicism to Romanticism, and influenced to a large extent composers and works of the nineteenth century.
Sex: Male Occupation: Pianist, Composser, Conductor, Music Teacher
Place of Birth / Death: Bonn, Holy Roman Empire / Viena, Austrian Empire. Country Tags: Germany.
Periods: Classicism and Romanticism (First half 19th century) Genres: Religious music, Chamber music, Choral music, Symphonic music, Concerts, Orchestral music, Instrumental music, Opera, Dances.
Styles: Classicism and Romanticism School / Group: First Viennese School
Instruments: Piano. Relatives: Ludwig van Beethoven (Grandfather). Johann van Beethoven (Father).
Patrons: Andréi Kirílovich Razumovski, Prince Lobkowitz, Prince Kinsky, Archduke Rudolf. Master: Ferdinand von Waldstein, Karl von Lichnowsky, Andréi Razumovski, Joseph Franz von Lobkowitz, Gottfried van Swieten and Nikolai Galitzin



Articles: No
Fictional stories (MC Universe): No
Music Composers vs. Chess Players: 1 (English: Spanish:


External Liks:



  • Beethoven, Ludwig van (1999): Heiligenstädter Testament. Bonn. Verlag Beethoven-Haus.
  • Buchet, Edmond (1991): Beethoven: leyenda y realidad. Madrid. Ed. RIALP.
  • Downs, Philip G (1998): La música clásica: la era de Haydn, Mozart y Beethoven. Traducción de Isabel de Asumendi. Madrid, Akal.
  • Eynde, Juan van den (2001): Grandes biografías: Ludwig van Beethoven. España: Ediciones Rueda.
  • Heartz, Daniel & Bruce Alan Brown. “Classical”. In L. Root, Deane. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press.
  • Massin, Brigitte (2011): Ludwig van Beethoven. Madrid: Turner.
  • Onnen, Frank. (1967). Enciclopedia de la música. Madrid: Afrodisio Aguado.
  • Pestelli, Giorgio (1986): Historia de la música, T. 7: La época de Mozart y Beethoven. Madrid, Turner.
  • Michels, Ulrich. (1992) Atlas de música, vol. 2. Madrid: Alianza Editorial. Pp. 432-433.