Kaissa (Computer)

Chaos vs Kaissa (1974). Picture by Computerhistory.org: http://www.computerhistory.org/chess/stl-430b9bbd92710/

Alternative last name spellings: –
Alternative first name spellings: –
Alias: –



Description: Kaissa was a chess program developed in the Soviet Union in the 1960’s. It was named as a tribute to Caissa, the goddess of chess. Kaissa became the first World Computer Chess Champion in 1974 in Stockholm. Its success is due to the large number of technical innovations in its development, such as the use of bitboards, programming with more than 10,000 openings and movements, or a series of sophisticated algorithms.
Sex: – Occupation: Chess machine.
Place of Birth / Death: Soviet Union. Country Tags: Russia.
Centuries: XX-XXI. Title: World Computer Champion.
World Champion: 1974. School: –
Styles: – Chess Olympiads: –



Fictional stories (MC Universe):
Music Composers vs. Chess Players:


External links



  • Averbakh, Yuri. (2012). A history of chess. From Chaturanga to the present day. Milford, USA: Russel enterprises Inc.
  • Eales, Richard. (2002). Chess: The history of a game. Glasgow, Scotland: Hardinge Simpole Publishing.
  • Elo, Arpad E. (2008). The rating of chess players, Past and Present. New York: Ishi Press.
  • Gerald M. Levitt (2000). The Turk, chess automaton. McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers.
  • Hooper, David. Whyld, Kenneth. (1992). The Oxford companion to chess. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Murray, H. J. R. (1913). A history of chess. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Robert Löhr; Anthea Bell (2007). The chess machine. Penguin Group USA.
  • Stephen Patrick Rice (2004). Minding the Machine: Languages of Class in Early Industrial America. University of California Press. 
  • Tom Standage (2002). The Turk: The Life and Times of the Famous 19th Century Chess-Playing Machine. Walker.