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Mephisto (1878-1889)

Mephisto (Picture by Ajedrez de Ataque)

Alternative last name spellings: –
Alternative first name spellings: –
Alias: –




Description: Mephisto was an automatic machine built by Charles Godfrey Gumpel that, unlike the automata known to date, Mephisto was not controlled by an operator inside, it was controlled remotely by electromechanical means. It was first shown in 1878 in London, and was controlled by Isidor Gunsberg, chess master. His last appearance was at the Universal Exhibition in Paris (1889). His doll had the face of Mephistopheles, he was dressed in red velvet, his head was shaved and a pink hat with two feathers; one foot was human and the other was an animal leg, with a hoof. He was sitting at a flat board and there were no compartments where a man could be hiding.
Sex: – Occupation: Chess machine.
Place of Birth / Death: Germany Country Tags: Germany.
Centuries: XIX Title: –
World Champion: – School: –
Styles: – Chess Olympiads: –



Fictional stories (MC Universe):
Music Composers vs. Chess Players:


External links



  • Averbakh, Yuri. (2012). A history of chess. From Chaturanga to the present day. Milford, USA: Russel enterprises Inc.
  • Eales, Richard. (2002). Chess: The history of a game. Glasgow, Scotland: Hardinge Simpole Publishing.
  • Elo, Arpad E. (2008). The rating of chess players, Past and Present. New York: Ishi Press.
  • Hooper, David. Whyld, Kenneth. (1992). The Oxford companion to chess. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • Murray, H. J. R. (1913). A history of chess. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Robert Löhr; Anthea Bell (2007). The chess machine. Penguin Group USA.
  • Stephen Patrick Rice (2004). Minding the Machine: Languages of Class in Early Industrial America. University of California Press. 
  • Sunnucks, Anne (1976). The Encyclopaedia of Chess. London: Hale.