Princess Enheduanna (XXIII century BC)


Princess Enheduanna. ©Teresa Cabanillas.

Alternative last name spellings: Enkheduanna, Enheduana, En HeduAnna, EnHedu’Anna.
Alternative first name spellings: Enhedu, Heduanna.
Alias: –

“It was in your service
That I first entered
The holy temple,
I, Enheduanna,
The high priestess,
I carried the ritual basket,
I chanted your praise.”



Description: Considered the first woman musician in history. Named High Priestess by her father, King Sargon first, Enheduanna is the only known writer of Mesopotamian literature and the first writer of History. His poems are the oldest in universal literature. His “Hymn to Inanna”, was composed to be sung. The different repetitions of words in different sounds are associated with musical notes.
Sex: Female Occupation: High Priestess, Mathematician, Astronomer, Writer, Poet, Musician.
Place of Birth / Death: Sumeria, Mesopotamia. / Babylon, Mesopotamia. Country Tags: Iraq.
Periods: Ancient history Genres: Himns, Vocal music.
Styles: Ancient music, Folklore, World music. School / Group: –
Instruments: Voice Relatives: King Sargon first (father), Tashlultum (mather).
Patrons: – Master: Self-taught.



Fictional stories (MC Universe):
Music Composers vs. Chess Players:


External links



  • Beltrando-Patier, Marie-Claire y otros (1996). Historia de la música. Espasa Calpe.
  • De Shong Meador, Betty (2001). Inanna, Lady of Largest Heart: Poems of the Sumerian High Priestess Enheduanna, University of Texas.
  • De Shong Meador, Betty (2009). Princess, priestess, poet: the Sumerian temple hymns of Enheduanna, University of Texas Press.
  • Franke, Franke, S. “Kings of Akkad: Sargon and Naram-Sin”, in Sasson, Jack, M. (1995), Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. New York, Scribener.
  • Hallo, William W. and Van Dijk, J.J.A. (1986). The Exaltation of Inanna, Yale University Press.
  • Hirschfield, Jane (1995). Women in Praise of the Sacred: 43 centuries of spiritual poetry by women. Harper Perennial.
  • Onnen, Frank. (1967). Enciclopedia de la música. Madrid: Afrodisio Aguado.
  • Pajares Alonso, Roberto L. (2010). Historia de la Música en 6 bloques. Madrid: Visión libros.
  • Roberts, Janet (2004). Enheduanna, Daughter of King Sargon: Princess, Poet, Priestess (2300 B.C.). Transoxiana 8.
  • Sjoberg, Ake and E. Bermann, E. (1969). The Collection of the Sumerian Temple Hymns, Locust Valley, J.J. Augustin.