Ziryab (789–857)

Ziryab’s Garden (13th Century. Public Domain).

Alternative last name spellings: –
Alternative first name spellings: Abu l-Hasan ‘Ali Ibn Nafi
Alias: –



Description: Ziryab was a musician recognized as a polymath, famous for the refined oriental customs that he introduced in the Cordovan court of Abd ar-Rahman II of the Umayyad dynasty, a place that was accepted as a musician. It was in Al-Andalus where Ziryab’s career was very fruitful. He created a unique and influential musical style, and songs that were performed in Iberia for generations. He was a great influence on Spanish music, and is considered the founder of the Andalusian musical traditions of North Africa.
Sex: Male. Occupation: Linguist, Geographer, Singer, Oud player, Composer, Poet, Teacher, Chemist, Musician, Astronomer, Gastronomist.
Place of Birth / Death: Mosul, Abbasid Caliphate / Córdoba, Emirate of Córdoba. Country Tags: Iraq. Spain.
Periods: VIII-IX Genres: Instrumental music, vocal music, songs.
Styles: Medieval Islamic music. Andalusian music. School / Group: –
Instruments: Oud. Relatives: –
Patrons: Abd ar-Rahman II. Master: Ishaq al-Mawsili. 



Fictional stories (MC Universe):
Music Composers vs. Chess Players:


External links



  • Beltrando-Patier, Marie-Claire y otros (1996). Historia de la música. Espasa Calpe.
  • Burkholder, J. Peter. Jay Grout, Donald. Palisca, Claude V. (2015). Historia de la música occidental. Madrid: Alianza música.
  • Constable, Olivia Remie, ed. (1997). Medieval Iberia, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
  • Gill, John (2008). Andalucia: A Cultural History. Oxford University Press.
  • Greus, Jesús (2006). Ziryab y el despertar de Al-Andalus. Editorial Entrelibros.
  • Michels, Ulrich (1992). Atlas de música, Vol 2. Madrid: Alianza Editorial.
  • Monroe, James T. (Jan 30, 2004). Hispano-Arabic poetry: a student anthology. Gorgias Press LLC.
  • Onnen, Frank (1967). Enciclopedia de la música. Madrid: Afrodisio Aguado.
  • Pajares Alonso, Roberto L. (2010). Historia de la Música en 6 bloques. Madrid: Visión libros
  • Salma Khadra Jayyusi and Manuela Marin (1994). The Legacy of Muslim Spain. Brill Publishers.